Rosado IV, Dez C, Lebaron S, Caizergues-Ferrer M, Henry Y, la Cruz de J

Mol Cell Biol. 2007 Feb;27(4):1207–21

We report the characterization of the yeast Npa2p (Urb2p) protein, which is essential for 60S ribosomal subunit biogenesis. We identified this protein in a synthetic lethal screening with the rsa3 null allele. Rsa3p is a genetic partner of the putative RNA helicase Dbp6p. Mutation or depletion ofNpa2p leads to a net deficit in 60S subunits and a decrease in the levels all 27S pre-rRNAs and mature 25S and 5.8S rRNAs. This is likely due to instability of early pre-60S particles. Consistent with a role of Npa2p in 60S subunit biogenesis, green fluorescent protein-tagged Npa2p localizes predominantly to the nucleolus and TAP-tagged Npa2p sediments with large complexes in sucrose gradients and is associated mainly with 27SA(2) pre-rRNA-containing preribosomal particles. In addition, we reveal a genetic synthetic interaction between Npa2p, several factors required for earlysteps of 60S subunit biogenesis (Dbp6p, Dbp7p, Dbp9p, Npa1p, Nop8p, and Rsa3p), and the 60S protein Rpl3p. Furthermore, coimmunoprecipitation and gel filtration analyses demonstrated that at least Npa2p, Dbp6p, Npa1p, Nop8p, and Rsa3p are present together in a subcomplex of low molecular mass whose integrity is independent of RNA. Our results support the idea that these five factors work in concert during the early steps of60S subunit biogenesis.