Hernando Y, Carter AT, Parr A, Hove-Jensen B, Schweizer M
J Biol Chem. 1999 Apr 30;274(18):12480–7
The PRS gene family in Saccharomyces cerevisiae consists of five genes each capable of encoding a 5-phosphoribosyl-1(alpha)-pyrophosphatesynthetase polypeptide. To gain insight into the functional organization of this gene family we have constructed a collection of strains containing all possible combinations of disruptions in the five PRS genes. Phenotypically these deletant strains can be classified into three groups: (i) a lethal phenotype that corresponds to strains containing a double disruption in PRS2 and PRS4 in combination with a disruption in either PRS1 or PRS3; simultaneous deletion of PRS1 and PRS5 or PRS3 and PRS5 are also lethal combinations; (ii) a second phenotype that is encountered in strains containing disruptions in PRS1 and PRS3 together or in combination with any of the other PRS genes manifests itself as a reduction in growth rate,enzyme activity, and nucleotide content; (iii) a third phenotype that corresponds to strains that, although affected in their phosphoribosylpyrophosphate-synthesizing ability, are unimpaired for growth and have nucleotide profiles virtually the same as the wild type. Deletions of PRS2, PRS4, and PRS5 or combinations thereof cause this phenotype. These results suggest that the polypeptides encoded by the members of the PRS gene family may be organized into two functional entities. Evidence that these polypeptides interact with each other in vivo was obtained using the yeast two-hybrid system. Specifically PRS1 and PRS3 polypeptides interact strongly with each other, and there are significant interactions between the PRS5 polypeptide and either the PRS2 or PRS4 polypeptides. These data suggest that yeast phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate synthetase exists in vivo as multimeric complex(es).