Gurley DA, Lanthorn TH

Neurosci Lett. 1998 May 15;247(2-3):107-10

The 5-HT3 receptor (5-HT3R) is part of a superfamily of ligand-gated ion channels which includes nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR). cRNA derived from the long isoform cloned mouse 5-HT3R was used to drive expression of 5-HT3Rs in Xenopus oocytes. 5-HT-induced currents were monitored using two-electrode voltage-clamp. Eight nicotinic agonists, including ACh and nicotine, but not alpha-anatoxin, were found to antagonize 5-HT-induced currents. With the exception of 3-(2,4)-dimethoxybenzylidene-anabaseine (DMXB-anabaseine; GTS-21) this antagonism appeared to be competitive since it could be overcome by increasing concentrations of 5-HT. Potency of 5-HT3 antagonism was comparable to reported values for nAChR alpha7 activation. These results confirm the notion of families of receptors and further indicate that strong similarities can exist in some critical binding domains.