Warren DT, Andrews PD, Gourlay CW, Ayscough KR

J Cell Sci. 2002 Apr 15;115(Pt 8):1703–15

Sla1p is a protein required for cortical actin patch structure and organisation in budding yeast. Here we use a combination of immunofluorescence microscopy and biochemical approaches to demonstrate interactions of Sla1p both with proteins regulating actin dynamics and with proteins required for endocytosis. Using Sla1p-binding studies we reveal association of Sla1p with two proteins known to be important for activation of the Arp2/3 complex in yeast, Abp1p and the yeast WASP homologue Las17p/Bee1p. A recent report of Sla1p association with Pan1p puts Sla1p in the currently unique position of being the only yeast protein known to interact with all three known Arp2/3-activating proteins in yeast. Localisation ofSla1p at the cell cortex is, however, dependent on the EH-domain-containing protein End3p, which is part of the yeast endocytic machinery. Using spectral variants of GFP on Sla1p (YFP) and on Abp1p (CFP) we show for the first time that these proteins can exist in discrete complexes at the cell cortex. However, the detection of a significant FRET signal means that these proteins also come close together in a single complex, and it is in this larger complex that we propose that Sla1p binding to Abp1p and Las17p/Bee1p is able to link actin dynamics to the endocytic machinery. Finally, we demonstrate marked defects in both fluid-phase and receptor-mediated endocytosis in cells that do not express SLA1, indicating thatSla1p is central to the requirement in yeast to couple endocytosis with the actin cytoskeleton.