Garcia B, Stollar EJ, Davidson AR
Genetics. 2012 Aug;191(4):1199–211
Saccharomyces cerevisiae Actin-Binding Protein 1 (Abp1p) is a member of the Abp1 family of proteins, which are in diverse organisms including fungi, nematodes, flies, and mammals. All proteins in this family possess an N-terminal Actin Depolymerizing Factor Homology (ADF-H) domain, a central Proline-Rich Region (PRR), and a C-terminal SH3 domain. In this study, we employed sequence analysis to identify additional conservedfeatures of the family, including sequences rich in proline, glutamic acid, serine, and threonine amino acids (PEST), which are found in all family members examined, and two motifs, Conserved Fungal Motifs 1 and 2 (CFM1 and CFM2), that are conserved in fungi. We also discovered that, similar to its mammalian homologs, Abp1p is phosphorylated in its PRR. This phosphorylation is mediated by the Cdc28p and Pho85p kinases, and it protects Abp1p from proteolysis mediated by the conserved PEST sequences. We provide evidence for an intramolecular interaction between the PRR region and SH3 domain that may be affected by phosphorylation. Although deletion of CFM1 alone caused no detectable phenotype in any genetic backgrounds or conditions tested, deletion of this motif resulted in a significant reduction of growth when it was combined with a deletion of the ADF-H domain. Importantly, this result demonstrates that deletion of highly conserved domains on its own may produce no phenotype unless the domains are assayed in conjunction with deletions of other functionally important elements within the same protein. Detection of this type of intragenic synthetic lethality provides an important approach for understanding the function of individual protein domains or motifs.