Papic D, Elbaz-Alon Y, Koerdt SN, Leopold K, Worm D, Jung M, Schuldiner M, Rapaport D
Mol Cell Biol. 2013 Oct;33(20):4083–94
A special group of mitochondrial outer membrane proteins spans the membrane once, exposing soluble domains to both sides of the membrane. These proteins are synthesized in the cytosol and then inserted into the membrane by an unknown mechanism. To identify proteins that are involved in the biogenesis of the single-span model protein Mim1, we performed a high-throughput screen in yeast. Two interesting candidates were the cytosolic cochaperone Djp1 and the mitochondrial import receptor Tom70. Our results indeed demonstrate a direct interaction of newly synthesizedMim1 molecules with Tom70. We further observed lower steady-state levels of Mim1 in mitochondria from djp1Δ and tom70 tom71Δ cells and massive mislocalization of overexpressed GFP-Mim1 to the endoplasmic reticulum in the absence of Djp1. Importantly, these phenotypes were observed specifically for the deletion of DJP1 and were not detected in mutant cells lacking any of the other cytosolic cochaperones of the Hsp40 family. Furthermore, the djp1Δ tom70Δ tom71Δ triple deletion resulted in a severe synthetic sick/lethal growth phenotype. Taking our results together, we identified Tom70 and Djp1 as crucial players in the biogenesis of Mim1. Moreover, the involvement of Djp1 provides a unique case ofspecificity between a cochaperone and its substrate protein.