SI Colony-picking Platform has more than 98% picking accuracy regardless of agar height

Fred Cross¹, Tom Drake², Jay Yang²

¹The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, USA.
²Singer Instruments, Roadwater, Somerset, TA23 0RE, England


Picking accuracy, or the ability to pick a microbial colony precisely without touching other unwanted materials is by far the most important reason why we replace humans with robots for picking hundreds, if not thousands, of colonies in the lab. Robotic pickers provide consistency, and repeatability, and are able to work for long hours.

However, few robotic pickers are able to pick colonies with high accuracy. Many robotic pickers fail to pick with high accuracy for various reasons. That is why it is important to thoroughly test the picking accuracy of any colony picker.

Singer Instruments (SI) offers a colony-picking platform, consisting of the ROTOR+ / The Stinger / PhenoBooth. The platform is versatile, and customizable, and allows users to fully control every step of the picking process.

Here, we examine the picking accuracy of SI’s colony-picking platform by asking two questions:

  1. What is the minimum distance required between two colonies in order to pick colonies as individuals without cross-contamination?
  2. How would the height of the agar affect picking accuracy?

What is the Minimum Distance Required Between Two Colonies?

Dr. Fred Cross at the Rockefeller University in New York designed a clever “checkerboard assay” for testing The Stinger’s ability to pick arrayed colonies. Using the assay, he showed that the Stinger is able to pick with 100% accuracy when colonies are arranged in a 1536-density array.

How does a 1536-density array translate to colony distances? The centre-to-centre distance between two colonies in a 1536 density array is 2mm. Given that the average diameter of a colony is around 1mm, we deduce that the edge distance for colonies in a 1536-density array is around 1mm (Figure 1). Of course, a colony bigger than 1mm would have less than 1mm edge distance between itself and its neighbours.

Putting together, we conclude that the minimum edge-to-edge distance required for SI platform to pick colonies accurately without contamination is 1mm.

How Would the Height of the Agar Effect Picking Accuracy?

Unevenness of the agar or changes in agar height is a common factor causing a decrease in picking accuracy of a colony picker. This is because the distance between a colony and the camera, which directly affects colony position calculation, is a variable factor as a result of variation in agar height. For example, lower agar height causes colonies to be further away from the camera, making colonies appear to be smaller than what they actually are. On the other hand, higher agar height causes the colonies to be closer to the camera, making them look bigger (Figure 2).

In order to overcome this common shortfall, we have designed a clever metric that will
automatically detect agar height and adjust colony position measurement accordingly.

To test its performance, we poured plates with different agar volumes into Singer PlusPlates. We then grew budding yeast cells on these plates. After 2 days of incubation, we picked 96 colonies from each plate. The accuracy was monitored by two methods. Firstly, we looked for pick marks of the colonies on the source plates.

Secondly, we examined the growth of the corresponding colonies on target plates after

We found that our platform was able to pick with more than 98% accuracy when plate
contain between 34 ml to 46 ml of agar, which corresponds to agar height between 4.7
cm to 6.3 cm. 40ml of agar fills a Singer PlusPlate half way up at 5.5 cm height (Figure

Agar Vol. (ml)Agar Height. (cm) Hit Rate (%)

In a separate test, we found that unevenness in agar within a plate, probably caused by uneven bench surface during plate preparation, did not affect picking accuracy. We successfully picked 40 colonies at various positions of the plate in Figure 4 without a problem. This further confirms that our platform is able to accommodate plates with different agar heights.


In summary, the SI colony-picking platform, consisting of the ROTOR+/Stinger/PhenoBooth+, could pick colonies with at least 98% accuracy when colonies are 1mm apart. Moreover, changing agar height and flatness have no impact on picking accuracy. For more information about SI’s colony-picking platform, please contact one of our representatives at [email protected].