Praetorius M, Baker K, Weich CM, Plinkert PK, Staecker H
ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 2003 Jul;65(4):211–4
Over seventy studies have examined the potential of gene therapy in the inner ear. For the most part, they have focused on adenoviral vectors and delivery into the cochlea. Most studies have emphasized looking at the expression of marker genes driven by a CMV promoter and have used first-generation adenoviral constructs. E1/E3/E4 deleted adenoviral vectors carrying the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene were injected into the round window, the basal turn of the cochlea (via a cochleostomy) or into the superior semicircular canal. Hearing was then tested 24 h after viral genetransfer. Large vector titers in small volumes of fluid were well tolerated with the round window approach resulting in complete hearing preservationwith transfer of GFP to hair cells and spiral ganglion cells. Injection of comparable doses of vector into a basal turn cochleostomy resulted in high-frequency hearing loss. Addition of a pancaspase inhibitor protected hearing when larger volumes of fluid were administered to the inner ear.